What is Primary Prevention
- In public health, “Primary Prevention” means to prevent something – like a child’s exposure to poisonous lead – from happening at all.
- When a child is exposed to lead and becomes poisoned, everything that is done to reduce the child’s exposure and limit potential damage to the child’s growth and development is “Secondary Prevention.”
- Lead poisoning is 100% preventable. Primary prevention is the key. The Erie County Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program assists children and their families who are affected by lead poisoning, but our hope is for no child to be poisoned by lead.
Lead Poisoning Primary Prevention Program (Lead Primary)
The Lead Poisoning Primary Prevention Program (Lead Primary) activities are focused in neighborhoods that have been identified as “Communities of Concern” and "Areas of High Risk" where children are at highest risk for lead poisoning. This program provides information and tools that families, homeowners and property owners need to prevent children from being exposed to dangerous lead hazards.
- Lead Primary carries out activities in 1, 2, 3 or 4 unit family homes in zip codes identified by NY State Department of Health as "Communities of Concern" for lead poisoning. These zip codes are 14201, 14207, 14208, 14209, 14210, 14211, 14212, 14213, and 14215. Click here for a map of Communities of Concern.
- Certain neighborhoods in these zip codes are identified to receive a concentrated intervention. These neighborhoods are called “Areas of High Risk" and are designated as such by the Erie County Commissioner of Health, based upon established guidelines in the NY State Environmental Health Manual. Each home in the “area of high risk” receives a full exterior inspection, and in some cases, an interior inspection and a lead education visit for the occupant. Repairs, utilizing lead safe work practices, must be made to any identified lead hazards.
Lead Poisoning Primary Prevention Initiative (Primary Initiative)
The Lead Poisoning Primary Prevention Initiative (Primary Initiative) is a county-wide program available in all areas of Erie County. This program provides information and tools that families, homeowners and property owners need to prevent children from being exposed to dangerous lead hazards. Those who can participate in this program include:
- Anyone (property owners, tenants, and landlords) living or owning property in the program's target zip codes or families with young children county-wide
- Children living in the home under the age of six or who spend 6 hours a week or more in the home
- 1, 2, 3 or 4 family homes that were built before 1978
- NOTE: Homeowners in the designated “areas of high risk” are automatically participants.
Related Programs & Resources
- Training for Homeowners: Free Lead Safe Work Practices Training
- Training for Landlords, Property Managers and Contractors: Renovation, Repair & Painting (RRP) Certification Class
- Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program
- Lead Hazard Reduction Demonstration Program (LHRD)
- LeadSAFE Erie County
- Housing-Based Injury Control and Prevention Program
- Healthy Neighborhoods Program (HNP)